(5) Bottle Gourd (Lagenaria siceraria)
It is one of the most popular vegetables to prevent type 2 diabetes naturally. Bottle gourd, also known as calabash or white-flowered gourd, is a vine grown for its fruit which in turn is used to prepare vegetable. It belongs to the plant family Cucurbitaceae.
Traditionally, it is also known by multiple names such as lauki, ghia, dudhi, opo squash, long melon, suzza melon, New Guinea bean & Tasmania bean.
Some of the active constituents of bottle gourd include sterols, terpenoids, flavonoids & saponins. The fruit of this plant is found to contain triterpenoid cucurbitacins B, D, G, H; two sterols (fucosterol & campesterol), aerpene byonolic acid (an allergic compound), flavones-C glycosides & lagenin.
These active constituents are found to provide a number of health benefits when consumed on regular basis. These health benefits are memory enhancement, immunity booster, weight loss accelerator, as well as in treatment of urinary problems, sleeping disorder, and diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, bottle gourd consumption helps in stabilizing the blood sugar levels.
How To Consume Bottle Gourd To Fight Diabetes:
Pre-diabetics or diabetics should consume bottle gourd either in form of vegetables or as raw in form of juice. A variety of delicious recipes are available worldwide with fruit as the main ingredient.
Some of the popular dishes made from bottle gourd include baknamul, bakgojinamul, baksoknamul, baksoksaengchae, & many more. You can also consume bottle gourd by taking out its juice. But, you should make sure to use only the normal bottle gourd for this purpose.
You should never try to mix the juice of bitter tasting bottle gourd with other juices. Discard the bitter tasting bottle gourd. It is because they are cytotoxic in nature.
Precautions For Using Bottle Gourd:
Bottle gourd is normally safe & non-toxin for most of the individuals. You can freely consume it orally on regular basis. However, the bottle gourd which is excessively bitter in taste should strictly be avoided.
According to the 2012 study conducted by Indian Journal of Medical Research, the bitter taste is due to the presence of tetracyclic triterpenoid cucurbitacins, a cytotoxic substance at high concentration, present in the fruit.
This bitterness usually arises due to improper storage techniques and over-ripening. Therefore, you should discard bitter tasting fruits of this plant. Bottle gourd is highly beneficial during pregnancy.
Finally, you should not forget to consult registered medical professional to ask about its safety for use along with prescribed diabetes medications.
- Anti-Diabetic Vegetables: Shutterstock